Jak Rosjanie świętują Dzień Zwycięstwa 9 maja?

Od wielu lat, 9. maja, Rosja świętuje Dzień Zwycięstwa. Ulicami Moskwy paradują wojska. Pojawia się morze żołnierzy i weteranów oraz jeszcze więcej widowni. Można obejrzeć transmisje parady w telewizji. W trakcie defilady możemy zobaczyć mnóstwo pojazdów wojskowych, które prezentują światu rosyjską siłę.

Parada Dnia Zwycięstwa

Parada jest otwierana przez kolumny pieszych wojskowych. Zwieńczeniem marszu jest pokaz sprzętu wojskowego, który robi ogromne wrażenie. Z każdym kolejnym nadjeżdżającym pojazdem buzia otwierała mi się ze zdumienia coraz bardziej. Na zakończenie można na niebie zobaczyć pokazy lotnicze wojskowych samolotów. Chociaż w tym roku (2019) w Moskwie ze względu na pogodę odwołano tę część parady. Ludzie wędrują po ulicach z czerwonymi makami oraz symboliczną wstążką Świętego Jerzego, która stała się atrybutem uroczystych imprez.

Na zakończenie parady wjechała taka maszyna 😀

Dzień zwycięstwa jest dniem wolnym od pracy. Po paradzie Rosjanie odpoczywają w parkach i bawią się na koncertach.

Próby parady

Próby parady zaczynają się kilka dni wcześniej. Plac Czerwony bywa niekiedy zamknięty, by żołnierze mogli ćwiczyć. Główna próba zazwyczaj odbywa się 7 maja, która prawie w pełni oddaje ducha parady Dnia Zwycięstwa 9 maja.

Na Placu Czerwonym przed GUMem (Glavnyi Universalnyi Magazin)

W którym miejscu najlepiej obserwować część powietrzną parady?

Park Gorkiego; Petrovsky Park; Moscow-City, Vorobyovy Gory. Najszybciej dostać się metrem, o którym wspominałam wcześniej.

Wstęga Św. Jerzego symbolem Dnia Zwycięstwa

Czyli inaczej ‘georgievskaya lentochka’ to publiczna akcja dystrybucji symbolicznych wstążek poświęconych obchodom Dnia Zwycięstwa. Od 2005 roku stała się tradycją. Taśmy te były dystrybuowane w ponad 30 krajach. Akcja miała na celu przypominanie młodszym pokoleniom o tym, kto i za jaką cenę walczył w najstraszliwszej wojnie w historii ludzkości, bo to z nich powinniśmy być dumni i o nich powinniśmy pamiętać.

Ulice Moskwy

Wstążki w wyglądzie i kombinacji kolorów przypominają wstęgi dołączone do Medalu Za zwycięstwo nad Niemcami w Wielkiej Wojnie Ojczyźnianej w latach 1941-1945, tzw Wstęgi Gwardyjne.

Taśmy noszą nazwę Wstążek Świętego Jerzego, chociaż niektórzy uważają, że to symbol zwycięstwa w II wojnie światowej i paski mają kolor pomarańczowy, a nie żółty i pojawiły się już za czasów panowania Katarzyny II. Powstał wówczas Order Świętego Jerzego, właśnie w takiej kolorystyce, czyli carski rosyjski order wojskowy i jedno z najwyższych rosyjskich odznaczeń. Po rozpadzie Imperium Rosyjskiego ustanowiono Order Sławy czyli odznaczenia wojskowe za zasługi bojowe podczas II wojny światowej. Również w tej kolorystyce.

Czerwone maki

W Europie i Stanach Zjednoczonych symbolem tego święta jest czerwony mak, którego kolor symbolizuje krew zmarłych ludzi na polach bitwy. W Rosji również widziałam wiele osób niosących w dłoniach czerwone maki.

Nieśmiertelny pułk

Kolejną tradycją ostatnich lat jest organizowanie „Nieśmiertelnego pułku”, który dziś już stał się międzynarodowych ruchem publicznym, aby zachować pamięć pokolenia Wielkiej Wojny Ojczyźnianej. To bardzo poruszające wydarzenie dla wszystkich tych, którzy stracili swoich bliskich w czasie wojny. Uczestnicy ruchu biorą udział w konwoju, w ręce trzymając zdjęcia swoich krewnych – weteranów armii, marynarki wojennej, partyzantów, więźniów obozów koncentracyjnych, dzieci wojny itp., a także piszą rodzinne opowieści w Kronice Ludowej na stronie tegoż ruchu. To cześć pamięci tych, którzy zginęli na froncie. Rosjanie pamiętają o wyczynach swych przodków i gratulują weteranów.

Muzea w Dniu Zwycięstwa

Tego dnia warto wybrać się do Muzeum Wielkiej Wojny Ojczyźnianej w Moskwie (adres: Ploshchad’ Pobedy 3), które można zwiedzić bezpłatnie. Czynne w godz. 10-21.30 czasu moskiewskiego.

Ponadto warto zwiedzić Muzeum Historii Czołgu T-34 (adres: Mytishchi district, p/o Marfino, village Sholokhovo, house 89A).

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